Mango Mangifera indica is one of the leading tropical fruits grown in Kenya and is ranked third after banana and pineapples in terms of acreage and total production volume. However, production has fallen below consumption due in part to fruit fly Bactrocera invadens infestation. However, the impact of these technologies on the food security are not well understood.
This study evaluated the impact of IPM technology for mango fruit fly control on food availability and accessibilty among mango farmers in Mwala and Kangundo sub-Counties selected using a stratified sampling procedure. A seven-day recall was used to elicit Per Capita Calorie Intake while a day recall was used to measure household dietary diversity.
The OLS regression results show that the IPM technology had a positive impact on per capita calorie intake but not on the quality of food intake HDDI estimated by the poison regression. This suggests that farmers using IPM technology benefit from income gains, and higher incomes improve the economic availability to food but not food access.
So each chapter represents a full manuscript and has its own reference list. Then at the end of the thesis, you have a master reference list which includes all the other references cited throughout the other sections of the thesis, mostly within the general introduction but also from the general discussion.
In the case of multiple-authored articles, the student must be the first author. Multiple-authored articles cannot be used in more than one thesis.
Preparation of a Thesis
In the case of students who have worked collaboratively on projects, it may be preferable for both students to write a traditional format thesis, identifying individual contributions. In the case of co-first authored articles , only one student can use the article in a manuscript-based thesis and must have a written agreement from the other co-first author student s. Enter your keywords. Section menu. Thesis Components A thesis can be written and organized either in the traditional monograph style or the manuscript article based style.
It must also contain or conform to the following requirements: 1. A detailed table of contents 3. A brief abstract in both English and French. If the language of the thesis is neither English nor French only allowed for specific language Units then a third abstract in the language of the thesis is required.
Caisse Malienne de sécurité Sociale
Acknowledgements Among other acknowledgements, the student is required to declare the extent to which assistance paid or unpaid has been given by members of staff, fellow students, research assistants, technicians, or others in the collection of materials and data, the design and construction of apparatus, the performance of experiments, the analysis of data, and the preparation of the thesis including editorial help.
In addition, it is appropriate to recognize the supervision and advice given by the thesis supervisor s and advisors. Contribution of Authors Contributions of the student to each chapter must be explicitly stated. Contributions of any co-authors to each chapter must be explicitly stated. A comprehensive review of the relevant literature The literature review must be in line with disciplinary expectations. Body of the thesis Body of the thesis should encompass sections on: Methodology Research findings A comprehensive scholarly discussion of all the findings In case of a manuscript-based thesis the comprehensive discussion should encompass all of the chapters of the thesis and should not be a repetition of the individual chapters.
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- A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science!
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A final conclusion and summary Clearly state how the objectives of the research were met and discuss implications of findings. Appendices Appendices are useful to present supplementary or raw data, details of methodology particularly for manuscript-based theses , consent forms, or other information that would detract from the presentation of the research in the main body of the thesis, but would assist readers in their review.
Thesis Format Script and Page Format A conventional font, size point, 12 characters per inch must be used. Pagination Positioning of page numbers is optional. Footnotes, references and appendices These should conform to a scholarly style appropriate to the discipline. Footnotes may be placed at the bottom of the page or as endnotes at the end of each chapter.
Consistency of formatting for footnotes and references is required throughout the thesis. Figures, illustrations, photographs and digital images Figures, tables, graphs, etc.
Charts, graphs, maps, and tables that are larger than the standard page should be avoided unless absolutely necessary. Overlays must be meticulously positioned in the text.