She knew I had done a lot of traveling in Asia and Africa and other parts of the world where many of you come from. Several young Asian women, when they went back home, sent me invitations to their weddings. I never made it to Bhutan or Korea, but I did see the wedding pictures. Such beautiful brides! Much of the anxiety that I see in foreign students could be avoided if certain principles of writing good English—which nobody ever told them—were explained in advance.
English As Second Language Learning
So I asked if I could talk to all of you during orientation week and tell you some of the things my students have found helpful. We talk in proverbs. I wish I could walk around New York and hear people talking in proverbs. But all those adjectives and all that decoration would be the ruin of any journalist trying to write good English. No proverbs, please.
Spanish also comes with a heavy load of beautiful baggage that will smother any journalist writing in English. The Spanish language is a national treasure, justly prized by Spanish-speaking people. But what makes it a national treasure is its long sentences and melodious long nouns that express a general idea. Those nouns are rich in feeling, but they have no action in them—no people doing something we can picture. My Spanish-speaking students must be given the bad news that those long sentences will have to be cruelly chopped up into short sentences with short nouns and short active verbs that drive the story forward.
Unfortunately, there are many ways of using it wrong. Those are the damaging habits I want to warn you about today. First, a little history. The English language is derived from two main sources. One is Latin, the florid language of ancient Rome.
English as a second or foreign language - Wikipedia
The other is Anglo-Saxon, the plain languages of England and northern Europe. The words derived from Latin are the enemy—they will strangle and suffocate everything you write. The Anglo-Saxon words will set you free. How do those Latin words do their strangling and suffocating? In general they are long, pompous nouns that end in — ion —like implementation and maximization and communication five syllables long!
Those nouns express a vague concept or an abstract idea, not a specific action that we can picture—somebody doing something.
10 Reasons to Learn English
Believe it or not, this is the language that people in authority in America routinely use—officials in government and business and education and social work and health care. They think those long Latin words make them sound important. I often receive some totally unintelligible letter from the telephone company or the cable company or the bank. Let me read you three typical letters I recently received in the mail. The first one is from the president of a private club in New York.
Pure garbage. Her letter is meant to assure us alumni that the school is in good hands. Remember: how you write is how you define yourself to people who meet you only through your writing.
The reader has no choice. Data conversions involve extra processing and reconciliation steps [ translation: it took longer than we thought it would to make our office operate better ]. Notice those horrible long Latin words: communicated , conversion , reconciliation , enhancements , verification. Well, I think you get the point about bad nouns.
Our city has been greatly enriched in recent years by immigrants from every corner of the world, but their arrival has also brought a multitude of complex urban problems. Who exactly are those immigrants? Where do they live? What kind of housing is affordable? To whom?
As readers, we want to be able to picture specific people like ourselves, in a specific part of the city, doing things we might also do. So if those are the bad nouns, what are the good nouns? The good nouns are the thousands of short, simple, infinitely old Anglo-Saxon nouns that express the fundamentals of everyday life: house , home , child , chair , bread , milk , sea , sky , earth , field , grass , road … words that are in our bones, words that resonate with the oldest truths.
When you use those words, you make contact—consciously and also sub consciously—with the deepest emotions and memories of your readers. What are your best tools? Your best tools are short, plain Anglo-Saxon verbs. A mind map is a diagram that starts out as one idea, then you branch out into words that come to mind when you look at your idea. Write out some arguments and connect them together, making sure they are directly related to your main idea. Here is where you will introduce your topic and thesis. You will also want to get the reader interested in reading more and orientating them on your topic.
You should also briefly outline the points you will be arguing in your explanatory paragraphs. Short quotes can be a good way to engage your reader, so as you do your research keep your eyes peeled for a quote you might be able to use for this purpose, and make sure that you take down details of your sources so that you can reference any quotes you use. A basic essay structure is the five-paragraph essay, which includes three explanatory body paragraphs. Each one of these should argue one of your three supporting points. State your point, explain it and expand on it, and then back it up with evidence and references.
Prioritise clarity by breaking down complicated ideas into short, simple sentences.
Supporting with evidence is important. Use different kinds of sources such as book references, statistics and quotes. Your conclusion should contain a summary of your main points and a repeat of your thesis statement.
This is your final opportunity to make your case and drive your points home. Be careful not to add any new information in your conclusion; you should just be summarising and restating. Writing an essay can be challenging enough when it is in your native tongue, but it can be especially tricky when you are writing in a new language. There are plenty of resources available that can help make the process more accessible. Here are some good sites to get started with:.
English As A Second Language Essay Examples
When you come to the UK to study, you will be expected to use UK English spellings so it is important that you are familiar with these. In the past few years, however, the tendency has been toward an acknowledgment of the increasing presence of multilingual speakers for whom English becomes their third, fourth, or fifth language.
ESL learners can be found at all levels. From prekindergarten to graduate studies, programs aim at meeting the needs of their particular population of language learners. Regardless of the type of model, successful ESL programs always take into account the elements that influence the process of English language teaching and learning.
Crucial factors to consider are that learners have different needs, learning abilities, levels of education, and literacy, and they vary depending on age, socioeconomic background, and sociolinguistic variables. These students include both foreign-born and U. ELLs can receive either traditional ESL instruction, which has English as the subject matter, or content-based ESL instruction, which focuses on teaching English through grade-level content.
Traditional ESL programs treat the learning of English as an isolated topic, that is, devoid of content area subject. In elementary school, however, ESL programs generally include pull-out classes. Students leave their regular classroom daily to receive 40 to 50 minutes of English language instruction in self-contained classrooms with limited or no first language support, while their classmates continue with their regular schedule.
Although pull-out programs are the most implemented type of ESL instruction, research shows that they are the least effective. This approach provides students with English language instruction, but students miss some of their regular class time to receive such instruction. To avoid this loss of instructional time, some school districts have implemented inclusionary or push-in programs.